Different types of Coffee Roasts

Our loved 4 Different Types of Coffee Roasts (Explained with Images)

Coffee roasting process enriches its aroma and flavors. It depends on the roasting process and affects the caffeine level of the bean, the body texture of bean, acidity of coffee and in few cases the intensity of the flavor.

The 4 Different Types:

  1. Light Roasts

    light roasted coffee beans

    Light roasts are roasted for a minimal tile. These are generally roasted when the internal temperature reaches to 356°F- 401°F, immediately after the first crack. On these beans, there are no oils as these are not roasted in high temperature.


    When the bean is roasted for a longer time then the heat pulls out the acidity and the caffeine from it. So, logically the light roasts have more caffeine and acidity. Even these light roasts have different sorts of taste profile, basically, the light roast process does not bring many changes in the chemical status of the bean. Light roasts have more original flavor and the roasting process is very often. And the acidity level of light roast is accompanied with lemon or citrus to please people.

  2. Medium Roasts

    Medium roasted coffee beans

    Medium roasted coffee is more roasted one in higher temperature with 410°F- 428°F. After the first crack and before the second one occurs. These are with some bigger body and less acidity from the light roast.

    American and western coffee drinkers are used to with Medium roasts coffee. These have balanced flavors but the acidity and the body size can differ. But generally, they are in a middle spot. As we look over the market, we will see Breakfast roast, American roast and House Blend as examples of medium roasts.

    Medium roasts are what the average American coffee drinker is used to. These roasts are considered to have.

  3. Medium-Dark Roasts

    Medium-dark roasted coffee beans

    Beans those are roasted with an internal temperature of 437°F-446°F are the medium-dark roast. These are often from the second crack. These roast starts to show the oily effect on beans surface due to the high temperature.

    These type of roast have a rich, bigger body, full flavor, and less acidity. As example, we can bring the names of Full-City Roast and Vienna Roast as the medium-dark roast coffee blend.

  4. Dark Roasts

    Dark roasted coffee beans

    In case of dark roast the temperature is betweek 464°F-482°F. We can view the oils on the dark roast beans. But the main issue is the original flavor cannot be tasted in dark roast, more or less the roasting process affect the coffee bean.

    From the view of taste and flavor the dark roast have sweetly flavor, due to sugars in bean has been caramelized. It has richer flavor and full body for its longer roasting process. These sort of roast have less types of caffeine for its long roast process. Conventionally French roast is the darkest roast with a smoky flavor. If the coffee beans are roasted longer than 482°F, which is a French roast, the sugar and oil of the bean will burn. Mostly Dark roasts have European names due to its popularity in Europe, one example can be easily brought as Italian roast.


So, what is the Coffee Bean Like Before it’s Roasted?

Before the roasting process of coffee beans, they are generally green and have not aromatic flavor, except any natural smell. Only the roasting process brings the coffee into a delicious cup of coffee for drinking.

A coffee bean that’s not roasted

Among the roasting process, the coffee beans gain temperature and change color. In high temperature, oils are seen on beans. At 401°F, these beans start to crack and expand. Near about 437°F, they crack for the second time. Generally, beans are not roasted over 482°F, if done then the body size starts to decrease and have burnt taste.

The coffee industry is changed on the drinker’s demand. The roast names and specifications are not universal. Those are changed considering the color, characterization. We have discussed 4 different types of roasts from light, medium to medium-dark and dark roasts.


We gathered some of the information that is known or new to us about roasts with its process and level of roasting. If you have tried a light roast, then try the medium and dark one which will surprise you with its newer taste.